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Amália Rodrigues
Biographical Information

Birth Date:July 23, 1920
Astrology Sign:Leo
Chinese Sign:Monkey - Yin
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Amália Rodrigues

Biography:Amália Rodrigues Amália Rodrigues, pron. IPA /ɐ.'ɐ ʁu.'dɾi.ɣɨʃ/, (July 1920 - October 6, 1999) was a Portuguese singer and actress. Born in Lisbon, official documents have her date of birth as July 23, but Amália always said her birthday was July 1, 1920. She was born on Rua Martim Vaz (Martim Vaz Street), in Lisbon's Pena Freguesia.

She was known as the "Queen of Fado" and was most influential in introducing fado to the world outside of Portugal. She was unquestionably the most important figure in the genre’s development, by virtue of an innate interpretive talent carefully nurtured throughout a 40-year recording and stage career. Amália’s performances and choice of repertoire pushed Fado’s boundaries and helped redefine it and reconfigure it for her and subsequent generations. In effect, Amália wrote the rulebook on what Fado could be and on how a female singer - or Fadista - should perform it, to the extent that she remains an unsurpassable model and an unending source of repertoire for all those who came afterwards. Amália also remains the sole truly international star to have ever come out of Portugal, with an extensive international career between the 1950s and the 1970s, although in an era where such efforts were not as easily quantified as today. Other well-known international artists such as Madredeus, Dulce Pontes or Mariza have come close, however.

After a few years of amateur performances, Amália’s first professional engagement in a fado venue took place in 1939, and she quickly become a regular guest star in stage revues. There she met Frederico Valério, a classically-trained composer who, recognising the potential in such a voice, wrote expansive melodies custom-designed for Amália’s voice, breaking the rules of Fado by adding orchestral accompaniment.

Her Portuguese popularity began to extend abroad with trips to Spain and a lengthy stay in Brazil where she made, in 1945, her first recordings on Brazilian label Continental. Paris followed, in 1949. In 1950, while performing at the Marshall Plan international benefit shows, she introduces "April in Portugal" to international audiences (under its original title "Coimbra").

In the early fifties, the patronage of acclaimed Portuguese poet David Mourão-Ferreira marked the beginning of a new phase: Amália sang many of the country's greatest poets, and some wrote lyrics specifically for her.

In 1954 her international career skyrocketed through her presence in Henri Verneuil’s film The Lovers of Lisbon, where she has a supporting role and performed on-screen. By the late fifties the USA, England and France had become her major international markets (Japan and Italy followed suit in the 1970s); in France especially her popularity rivalled her Portuguese success, and she graduated to headliner at the prestigious Olympia theatre within a matter of months. Over the years she performed nearly all over the world - going so far as Russia and Israel.

At the end of the fifties Amália took a year off. She returned in 1962 with a richer voice, concentrating on recording and performing live at a slower pace. Her comeback album, 1962' "Amália Rodrigues", was her first collaboration with French composer Alain Oulman, her main songwriter and musical producer throughout the decade. As Frederico Valério before him, Oulman writes for her melodies that transcend the conventions of Fado.

Not that Amália shied away from controversy: her performance in Carlos Vilardebó’s 1964 arthouse film "The Enchanted Islands" was better received than the film, based on a short story by Herman Melville, and her 1965 recording of poems by 16th century poet Luís de Camões generated acres of newspaper polemics. Yet her popularity remained untouched. Her 1968 single "Vou Dar de Beber à Dor" broke all sales records and her 1970 album "Com que Voz", considered by many her definitive recording, won a number of international awards.

During the 1970s Amália concentrated on live work and embarked upon a heavy schedule of worldwide concert performances. Her return to the recording studio in 1977 with "Cantigas numa Língua Antiga" was received as a triumph. The 1980s and 1990s brought her enthronement as a living legend. Her last all-new studio recording, "Lágrima", was released in 1983, followed by a series of lost or unreleased recordings and the smash success of two greatest hits records that sold over 200,000 albums combined.

Despite a series of illnesses involving her voice, Amália continued recording as late as 1990. But eventually she retreated from public performance, while her career gained in stature with an official biography by historian and journalist Vítor Pavão dos Santos and a five-hour TV series documenting her fifty-year career featuring rare archive footage (later distilled into the 90-minute film documentary "The Art of Amália"). Its director, Bruno de Almeida has also directed "Amália, Live in New York City" (a concert film of her 1990 performance at New York's Town Hall).

On October 6, 1999, Amália Rodrigues died at the age of 79 in her home in Lisbon. Her house (in Rua de São Bento) is now a museum.

Chinese Horoscope for Amália Rodrigues
Includes characteristics and Vices
Amália Rodrigues's Chinese Horoscope
Chinese Year: February 20, 1920 - February 07, 1921
Birthday: July 23, 1920

The Monkey is a Yin,
and is the Ninth sign of the Chinese horoscope.


Personality and Character Cards:
Personality and character cards are identical!

Amália Rodrigues's Personality Tarot Card The Lovers - Personality Card

Birthday: July 23, 1920

A relationship or love affair with a trial or choice involved.

This year's Growth Tarot Card
Based on this year's birthday

Amália Rodrigues's Growth Tarot Card The Emperor

Birthday: July 23, 2017

Material success, stability, authority and ambition.




Portions of famous people database was used with permission from Russell Grant from his book The Book of Birthdays Copyright © 1999, All rights reserved. Certain biographical material and photos licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License, from Wikipedia®, which is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.

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