Art Ross (January 13, 1886 - August 5, 1964) was a Canadian ice hockey executive and defenceman in the National Hockey League and its predecessor, the National Hockey Association.
Born in Naughton, Ontario, Ross grew up in Montreal where he learned to play hockey. He played in the NHA for Haileybury, Ottawa and for the Montreal Wanderers throughout eight seasons. He won two Stanley Cups: in 1907 with the Kenora Thistles and the next season with the Wanderers.
When the Wanderers joined the newly created NHL for the inaugural 1917-18 NHL season, Ross only played three games before a fire destroyed the Wanderers' arena, forcing the team to fold.
Ross was then named the Boston Bruins first head coach for the 1924-25 NHL season, winning three more Cups. He was then promoted to become the team's general manager.
Ross was named one of twelve Hockey Hall of Fame chartered honourees in 1945. He was inducted as a builder.
Ross is credited as being the first to promote the use of hockey pucks made of synthetic rubber instead of natural rubber, which provide for more consistent play.
Ross also invented the modern B-shaped goal which cuts down on dangerous rebounds coming out of the net.
He donated the trophy which bears his name to the NHL.
Preceded by: Richard 'Dickie' Boon Head Coaches of the Montreal Wanderers 1913-1914 Succeeded by: Richard 'Dickie' Boon Preceded by: Ricahrd 'Dickie' Boon Head Coaches of the Montreal Wanderers 1917-1918 Succeeded by: none Preceded by: Percy Thompson Head Coaches of the Hamilton Tigers 1922-1923 Succeeded by: Percy LeSueur Preceded by: none Head Coaches of the Boston Bruins 1924-1928 Succeeded by: Cy Denneny Preceded by: Cy Denneny Head Coaches of the Boston Bruins 1929-1934 Succeeded by: Frank Patrick Preceded by: Frank Patrick Head Coaches of the Boston Bruins 1936-1939 Succeeded by: Cooney Weiland Preceded by: Cooney Weiland Head Coaches of the Boston Bruins 1941-1945 Succeeded by: Dit Clapper