Edward R. Burke (Born 1880- d. 1968) was a Nebraska Democratic Party politician. Born in Running Water in Bon Homme County, South Dakota on November 28, 1880. Moved to Sparta, Wisconsin with his parents and then Beloit, Wisconsin where he went to Beloit College. Graduated in 1906, moved to Chadron, Nebraska where he taught school until 1908. He graduated from Harvard University and was admitted to the bar both in 1911. Afterwards, he set up shop in Omaha, Nebraska.
During the World War I he enlisted and served as a second lieutenant in the Air Service from 1917 to 1919. He served as the president of the board of education for Omaha from 1927 to 1930. He was elected to the Seventy-third Congress from Nebraska in 1933 and then ran for Senator from in 1934. Serving from January 3, 1935, to January 3, 1941, he chaired the U.S. Senate Committee on Claims. He failed to be renominated for the seat in 1940.
He resumed his law practice in Omaha in 1941 and moved to Washington, D.C. in 1942 to serve as president of the Southern Coal Producers Association until 1947. He was a Washington representative and general counsel for Hawaiian Statehood Commission until 1950, when he retired to Kensington, Maryland. He died on November 4, 1968 and was interment in Fort Lincoln Mausoleum.
Preceded by: H. Malcolm Baldrige (R) Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Nebraska's 2nd congressional district 1933 - 1935 Succeeded by: Charles F. McLaughlin (D) Preceded by: Richard C. Hunter(D) United States Senator from Nebraska (Class 1) 1935 - 1941 Succeeded by: Hugh A. Butler (R)