Frank B. Gary (March 9, 1860 - December 7, 1922) was a United States Senator from South Carolina. Born in Cokesbury, South Carolina, he attended the Cokesbury Conference School and Union College (Schenectady, New York). He studied law, was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Abbeville, South Carolina in 1881. From 1890 to 1900 he was a member of the South Carolina House of Representatives, serving as speaker from 1895 to 1900. He was a delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1895 and was a member of the State house of representatives in 1906.
Gary was elected as a Democrat to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Asbury C. Latimer and served from March 6, 1908, to March 3, 1909; he was not a candidate for reelection in 1908, and after his time in the Senate he was again a member of the State house of representatives in 1910. He was elected judge of the eighth judicial circuit in 1912 and served until his death in Charleston, South Carolina in 1922; interment was in Long Cane Cemetery, Abbeville, South Carolina.
Frank B. Gary was also appointed as special judge in Lexington County in the 1903 trial of James H. Tillman (nephew of "Pitchfork Ben Tillman, and then lieutenant governor of South Carolina) for the murder of N.G. Gonzales (founder and then editor of The State, Columbia, SC's newspaper).
Some have intimated him as a Tillmanite, although no real allegations of Gary being partisan in the trial have been found by this author. However, the jury was considered highly rigged and partisan considering Tillman shot Gonzales in broad daylight with many eye witnesses. He was acquitted ostensibly on a very shaky self defense theory, but more likely because the jury believed Tillman was right in taking justice into his own hands. Gonzales had waged a virtual crusade against Tillman in the newspaper, helping ensure his defeat in the 1902 Governor election.