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Friedensreich Hundertwasser
Biographical Information

Birth Date:December 15, 1928
Astrology Sign:Sagittarius
Chinese Sign:Dragon - Yang
Birth Name:
Birth Place:
Died Date:February 19, 2000


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Friedensreich Hundertwasser

Biography:Friedensreich Hundertwasser (December 15, 1928 - February 19, 2000) was an Austrian painter and sculptor. By the end of the 20th century, he was arguably the best-known living artist in Austria, though he was always controversial.

He was born Friedrich Stowasser to a Jewish family in Vienna and attended the Montessori school in 1936. Before he was twenty, all of his relatives on his mother's side were killed in the Holocaust. He briefly attended the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts in 1948 and began producing his own works in the late 1940s.

Hundertwasser's original, unruly, sometimes shocking artistic vision expressed itself in pictorial art, environmentalism, philosophy, and design of facades, postage stamps, flags, and clothing (among other areas). The common themes in his work are a rejection of the straight line, bright colours, organic forms, a reconciliation of humans with nature, and a strong individualism. He remains sui generis, although his architectural work is comparable to Antoni Gaudí in its biomorphic forms and use of tile. He was inspired by the works of Egon Schiele from an early date, and his style was often compared to that of Gustav Klimt. He was fascinated with spirals, and called straight lines "the devil's tools". He called his theory of art "transautomatism", based on Surrealist automatism, but focusing on the experience of the viewer, rather than the artist.

His adopted surname is based on the translation of "Sto" (the Czech word for "hundred") into German. The name "Friedensreich" has a double meaning as "Peaceland" or "Peacerich" (in the sense of 'peaceful'). The other names he chose for himself, "Regentag" and "Dunkelbunt", translate to "Rainy day" and "Dark, multicoloured". His name "Friedensreich Hundertwasser" means, "Peace-Kingdom Hundred-Water".

Although Hundertwasser first achieved notoriety for his boldly-coloured paintings, he is more widely renowned today for his revolutionary architectural designs, which incorporate natural features of the landscape, and use of irregular forms in his building design. Hundertwasserhaus, a low-income apartment block in Vienna, features undulating floors ("an uneven floor is a melody to the feet"), a roof covered with earth and grass, and large trees growing from inside the rooms, with limbs extending from windows. He took no payment for the design of Hundertwasserhaus, declaring that it was worth it, to "prevent something ugly from going up in its place".

He felt that standard architecture could not be called art, and declared that the design of any building should be influenced by the aesthetics of its eventual tenants. Hundertwasser was also known for his performance art, in which he would, for instance, appear in public in the nude promoting an ecologically friendly flush-less toilet.

In 1972 he published the manifesto Your window right - your tree duty: "A person in a rented apartment must be able to lean out of his window and scrape off the masonry within arm's reach. And he must be allowed to take a long brush and paint everything outside within arm's reach. So that it will be visible from afar to everyone in the street that someone lives there who is different from the imprisoned, enslaved, standardised man who lives next door." Also planting trees in an urban environments was to become obligatory: "If man walks in nature's midst, then he is nature's guest and must learn to behave as a well-brought-up guest."

His work has been used for flags, stamps, coins, posters, schools, churches, a rest area in his adopted home of New Zealand, and apartment buildings. His most famous flag is the Koru Flag; he has also designed stamps for the Cape Verde islands and for the UN post administration in Geneva on the occasion of the 35th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Hundertwasser always considered New Zealand as his official home, and no matter where he went in the world, his watch was always set to New Zealand time. That finally became the place he was buried after his death at sea in 2000.

In 1999 he started his last project named "Die Grüne Zitadelle von Magdeburg". Although he never finished this work completely, the building was put up a few years later in Magdeburg, a town in central Germany, and finally opened on October 3rd, 2005. (German Wikipedia: Hundertwasserhaus)

Buildings District Heating Plant Spittelau, Vienna Hundertwasser House, Vienna Hundertwasserhaus Waldspirale Darmstadt Kindergarten Heddernheim, Frankfurt Motorway Restaurant, Bad Fischau, Austria Hot Springs Village, Blumau, Styria Hundertwasserkirche, Baernbach, Styria Wohnen unterm Regenturm, Plochingen, Germany Quixote Winery, Napa Valley, (USA), 1992-1999 (his only building in the US) Maishima Incineration Plant, Osaka (Japan), 1997-2000 Public toilet, Kawakawa (NZ), 1999 Hundertwasser "environmental railway station", Uelzen, 1999-2001 "Die Grüne Zitadelle von Magdeburg", Magdeburg, Germany, 2003-2005

Chinese Horoscope for Friedensreich Hundertwasser
Includes characteristics and Vices
Friedensreich Hundertwasser's Chinese Horoscope
Chinese Year: January 23, 1928 - February 09, 1929
Birthday: December 15, 1928

The Dragon is a Yang,
and is the Fifth sign of the Chinese horoscope.

Good Health

Personality and Character Cards:
Numerology is used to calculate tarot cards

Friedensreich Hundertwasser's Personality Tarot Card Justice - Personality Card

Birthday: December 15, 1928

Balance, wisdom and a need for rational, logical solutions.

Friedensreich Hundertwasser's Character Tarot Card The High Priestess - Character Card

Birthday: December 15, 1928

Wisdom, secrets to be revealed, and the development of intuition.

This year's Growth Tarot Card
Based on this year's birthday

Friedensreich Hundertwasser's Growth Tarot Card The Chariot

Birthday: December 15, 2023

A struggle or conflict, yet strong potential for triumph over adversity.




Portions of famous people database was used with permission from Russell Grant from his book The Book of Birthdays Copyright © 1999, All rights reserved. Certain biographical material and photos licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License, from Wikipedia, which is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.

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