Henry F. Lippitt (October 12, 1856 - December 28, 1933) was a United States Senator from Rhode Island. Born in Providence, he attended private schools, graduated from Brown University in 1878, and entered the cotton manufacturing business. He was director of a bank and of several mill insurance companies, and was vice president of the People's Savings Bank of Providence. He served on the Governor's staff with the rank of colonel in 1888-1889 and was president of the New England Cotton Manufacturers' Association in the latter year.
Lippitt was elected as a Republican to the U.S. Senate and served from March 4, 1911, to March 3, 1917; he was unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1916. While in the Senate he was chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of Agriculture (Sixty-second Congress). He again became actively engaged in the textile industry; in 1933 he died in Providence. Interment was in Swan Point Cemetery.
Henry Lippitt was a great-uncle of John H. Chafee and a great-great-uncle of Lincoln D. Chafee, both U.S. Senators from Rhode Island.