Henry W. Corbett (February 18, 1827 - March 31, 1903) was a United States Senator from Oregon. Born in Westboro, Massachusetts, he moved with his parents to White Creek, New York in 1831. He attended the common schools, engaged in mercantile pursuits in Cambridge, New York in 1840, and attended Cambridge Academy. He moved to New York City in 1843 and was employed in the mercantile business until 1851; in the latter year he went with a stock of goods around Cape Horn to Portland, Oregon and engaged in a general merchandising business, later changing to wholesale hardware. He became largely interested in banking, railroads, building, and investments, and was city treasurer of Portland, a member of the city council, and chairman of the Republican State central committee.
Corbett was elected as a Republican to the U.S. Senate and served from March 4, 1867, to March 3, 1873; he was not a candidate for reelection in 1873 and resumed business interests. He was appointed to the U.S. Senate on March 6, 1897 to fill the vacancy in the term beginning March 4, 1897, the legislature having failed to elect, but was not permitted to qualify. He was an unsuccessful candidate for election to the U.S. Senate in 1901 and died in Portland in 1903. Interment was in Riverview Cemetery.