James Henderson Blount (September 12, 1837-March 8, 1903), an American statesman, was born near Clinton, Jones County, Georgia. He attended private schools there and in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. He was graduated from the University of Georgia at Athens in 1858. He studied law and was admitted to the Georgia bar in 1859. During the American Civil War he served in the Confederate States Army as a private in the Second Georgia Battalion, Floyd Rifles for two years, and was later lieutenant colonel for two years.
Blount served in the United States Congress representing the sixth district of Georgia from 1873 to 1893. He was Chairman of the House Committee on Foreign Relations (1891-1893). He was appointed by President of the United States Grover Cleveland to be the United States Department of State Minister to Hawai'i with the mission of investigating the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawai'i and the administration of Queen Lili'uokalani. The report he issued is known as the Blount Report.
Blount died in Macon, Bibb County, Georgia, and is buried at the Rose Hill Cemetery in Macon, Georgia.