Jeremiah Brown Howell (August 28, 1771 - February 5, 1822) was a United States Senator from Rhode Island. Born in Providence, he attended private schools, pursued classical studies and graduated from Brown University in 1789. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1793 and commenced practice in Providence. He was a brigadier general in the State militia, and was elected as a Democratic Republican to the U.S. Senate, serving from March 4, 1811, to March 3, 1817. He was not a candidate for reelection. While in the Senate, he was chairman of the Committee on Pensions (Fourteenth Congress).
Howell died in Providence in 1822; interment was in North Burial Ground.
Howell's father, David Howell, had been a member of the Continental Congress.