John Seaton Robinson (Born 1856- d. 1903) was a Nebraska Democratic politician.
Born in Wheeling, Virginia (later West Virginia) on May 4th 1856, he studied law and was admitted to the bar by the supreme court of West Virginia in 1880. He moved to Madison, Nebraska in 1884 becoming the prosecuting attorney for Madison County, Nebraska from 1886 to 1888 and again from 1890 to 1892. He was a judge of the Nebraska's ninth judicial district from 1893 to 1895. He was elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-sixth and Fifty-seventh Congresses (March 4, 1899-March 3, 1903) unsuccessfully running for reelection in 1902. He died in Madison on May 25, 1903 and is buried in Crownhill Cemetery in Madison.
Preceded by: Samuel Maxwell (P) Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Nebraska's 3rd congressional district March 4, 1899 - March 3, 1903 Succeeded by: John McCarthy (Nebraska) (R)