Malcolm X Malcolm X Born May 19, 1925 Omaha, Nebraska, USA Died February 21, 1965 Manhattan, New York, USA This article is about Malcolm X the man. For the biographical movie of the same name, see Malcolm X (film). Malcolm X, (May 19, 1925 - February 21, 1965), born Malcolm Little, also known as Detroit Red, El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz, and Omowale, was a longtime spokesman for the Nation of Islam. He was also founder of the Muslim Mosque, Inc. and the Organization of Afro-American Unity.
During his life, Malcolm went from being a street-wise Boston hoodlum to one of the most prominent black nationalist leaders in the United States to a martyr of Islam. As a militant leader, Malcolm X advocated black pride, economic self-reliance, and identity politics. He ultimately rose to become a world renowned African American/Pan-Africanist and human rights activist.
Malcolm X was assassinated in New York City on February 21, 1965 on the first day of National Brotherhood Week.