Orville Hickman Browning (1806-1881) was a Republican Senator from Illinois.
Browning was born February 10, 1806 in Cynthiana, Kentucky. He was a veteran of the Black Hawk War. Browning was a Whig delegate to the anti-Nebraska convention held at Bloomington, Illinois in May 1856. This convention laid the foundations of the Republican Party. Under President Andrew Johnson served as Secretary of the Interior from 1866 to 1869. Browning died August 10, 1881 and is buried in Woodland Cemetery, Quincy, Illinois.