Samuel Butman (1788 - October 9, 1864) was an American politician from the U.S. state of Maine. A farmer and War of 1812 veteran, Butman served in the Maine State House before entering the U.S. House of Representatives, where he representated Maine's seventh congressional district. Late in life he entered the Maine State Senate, where he served as the chamber's President.
Butman was born in Worcester, Massachusetts. His family moved to Dixmont in present-day Maine (then a region of Massachusetts) in 1805. There his father, an American Revolutionary War veteran, worked as a farmer.
During the War of 1812, Butman served as a Captain. In 1820, he attended the state constitutional convention. Two years later, in 1822, he was elected to the Maine State House, and served that year and from 1826 to 1827. Butman left the state legislature to served in the 20th and 21st Congresses (March 4, 1827-March 3, 1831) in the U.S. House of Representatives as a representative of Maine's seventh district.
In 1846, Butman was county commissioner of Penobscot County. He served in the State Senate and was its president in 1853. He died in Plymouth, Maine.