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Samuel Freeman Miller
Biographical Information

Sex:M
Age:194
Birth Date:April 5, 1816
Astrology Sign:Aries
Chinese Sign: -
Birth Name:
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Occupation:US Politician

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SAMUEL FREEMAN MILLER
Samuel Freeman Miller

Biography:Samuel Freeman Miller (April 5, 1816 - October 13, 1890), was an associate justice of the United States Supreme Court, 1862-1890.

Born in Richmond, Kentucky, he was the son of a farmer. He received a medical degree in 1838 from Transylvania University, Lexington, Kentucky. While practicing medicine for a decade, he studied the law on his own and was admitted to the bar in 1847. He was for emancipation and supported the Whigs in Kentucky before moving to Iowa, a state more amenable to his views on slavery. Active in Hawkeye politics, he supported Abraham Lincoln in the 1860 election. Lincoln appointed Miller to the Court in 1862.

His opinions strongly favored Lincoln's positions, upholding his suspension of habeas corpus and trials by military commission. After the war, his narrow reading the Fourteenth Amendment--he wrote the opinion in the Slaughterhouse Cases--limited the effectiveness of the amendment. He later ruled in United States v. Cruikshank and the Civil Rights Cases that the amendment did not give the United States government the power to stop private, as opposed to state-sponsored, discrimination against blacks. Conversely, Miller supported the use of broad federal power under the commerce clause to trump state regulations, as in Wabash v. Illinois.

After the 1876 presidential election between Rutherford Hayes and Samuel Tilden, he served on the electoral commission that awarded the disputed electoral votes to Hayes. Ulysses Grant considered Miller for the chief justice post, but instead chose Morrison Waite. In the 1880's, his name was floated as a Republican candidate for president.

He died while still a member of the court, in Washington, D.C. and is buried in the Oakland Cemetery, Kelkuka, Iowa.

Preceded by: Peter Vivian Daniel Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States July 21, 1862 - October 13, 1890 Succeeded by: Henry Billings Brown The Taney Court 1862-1863: J.M. Wayne | J. Catron | S. Nelson | R.C. Grier | N. Clifford | N.H. Swayne | S.F. Miller | D. Davis 1863-1864: J.M. Wayne | J. Catron | S. Nelson | R.C. Grier | N. Clifford | N.H. Swayne | S.F. Miller | D. Davis | S.J. Field The Chase Court 1864-1865: J.M. Wayne | J. Catron | S. Nelson | R.C. Grier | N. Clifford | N.H. Swayne | S.F. Miller | D. Davis | S.J. Field 1865-1867: J.M. Wayne | S. Nelson | R.C. Grier | N. Clifford | N.H. Swayne | S.F. Miller | D. Davis | S.J. Field 1867-1870: S. Nelson | R.C. Grier | N. Clifford | N.H. Swayne | S.F. Miller | D. Davis | S.J. Field 1870-1872: S. Nelson | N. Clifford | N.H. Swayne | S.F. Miller | D. Davis | S.J. Field | Wm. Strong | J.P. Bradley 1873: N. Clifford | N.H. Swayne | S.F. Miller | D. Davis | S.J. Field | Wm. Strong | J.P. Bradley | W. Hunt The Waite Court 1874-1877: N. Clifford | N.H. Swayne | S.F. Miller | D. Davis | S.J. Field | Wm. Strong | J.P. Bradley | W. Hunt 1877-1880: N. Clifford | N.H. Swayne | S.F. Miller | S.J. Field | Wm. Strong | J.P. Bradley | W. Hunt | J.M. Harlan 1881: N. Clifford | S.F. Miller | S.J. Field | J.P. Bradley | W. Hunt | J.M. Harlan | Wm. B. Woods | Th. S. Matthews 1882-1887: S.F. Miller | S.J. Field | J.P. Bradley | J.M. Harlan | Wm. B. Woods | Th. S. Matthews | H. Gray | S. Blatchford 1888: S.F. Miller | S.J. Field | J.P. Bradley | J.M. Harlan | Th. S. Matthews | H. Gray | S. Blatchford | L.Q.C. Lamar II The Fuller Court 1888-1889: S.F. Miller | S.J. Field | J.P. Bradley | J.M. Harlan | Th. S. Matthews | H. Gray | S. Blatchford | L.Q.C. Lamar II


Personality and Character Cards:
Personality and character cards are identical!

Samuel Freeman Miller's Personality Tarot Card The Chariot - Personality Card

Birthday: April 5, 1816

A struggle or conflict, yet strong potential for triumph over adversity.


This year's Growth Tarot Card
Based on this year's birthday

Samuel Freeman Miller's Growth Tarot Card The Hanged Man

Birthday: April 5, 2010

A sacrifice must be made in order to gain something of great value.

 

 

 

Portions of famous people database was used with permission from Russell Grant from his book The Book of Birthdays Copyright © 1999, All rights reserved. Certain biographical material and photos licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License, from WikipediaŽ, which is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.

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