Samuel Price (July 28, 1805 - February 25, 1884) was a United States Senator from West Virginia. Born in Fauquier County, Virginia, he moved with his parents to Preston County (now in West Virginia) in 1815. He received a preparatory training, studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1832, commencing the practice of his profession in Nicholas and Braxton Counties. He was county clerk of Nicholas County 1830 and prosecuting attorney in 1833. He was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates from 1834 to 1836, and moved to moved to Wheeling, Virginia (now West Virginia) in 1836 and to Lewisburg, Virginia (now West Virginia) in 1838. He was prosecuting attorney for Braxton County from 1836 to 1850 and a member of the House of Delegates from 1847 to 1850 and in 1852.
Price was a delegate to the constitutional conventions in 1850, 1851, and 1861; in 1863 he was elected lieutenant governor of Virginia in and served until the close of the Civil War. He was a delegate to the constitutional convention of West Virginia in 1872 and was its president. He was appointed as a Democrat to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Allen T. Caperton and served from August 26, 1876, to January 26, 1877, when a successor was elected. He was an unsuccessful candidate in 1876 for election to fill the vacancy. In 1884 he died in Lewisburg. Interment was in the Stuart Burying Ground at Stuart Manor, near Lewisburg.