Schoolboy Rowe (January 11, 1910 - January 8, 1961) was an American right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball, primarily for the Detroit Tigers, during the 1930s and 1940s.
Rowe was born in Waco, Texas. His nickname, "Schoolboy", he received from his baseball opponents after they were beaten by the youthful, "schoolboy" pitcher. He joined the Tigers in 1933, and the following year won 24 games, including 16 consecutively. Rowe finished fourth in the American League's Most Valuable Player award voting. He was a two-time All-Star with the Tigers, in 1935 and 1936, and was a member of the Tigers' 1935 World Series championship team.
Rowe was sold to the Brooklyn Dodgers near the end of the 1942 season, and was sold to the Philadelphia Phillies during the offseason.
After serving two years in World War II, Rowe returned to the Phillies and earned a final All-Star nod in 1947. He retired in 1949 with a career 158-101 record and a 3.87 ERA.
Rowe died at age 50 in El Dorado, Arkansas of a heart attack.