Theodore Elijah Burton (December 20, 1851 - October 28, 1929) was a Republican politician from Ohio. He served in the United States House of Representatives and U.S. Senate.
Born in Jefferson, Ohio, Burton attended Oberlin College and commenced the practice of law in 1875. He was elected to the House in 1888 for the 21st District in Cleveland, but lost a re-election bid two years later. He won a third effort in 1894, and served seven additional terms in the 21st District. He won election to the Senate in 1908 and served a single term. He did not seek a second term, instead moving to New York City to work in banking. He returned to Ohio and ran for the Senate again, winning a special election on November 6, 1928 (serving from December 15, 1928) after a vacancy was created by the death of Frank B. Willis. Burton served only a year of Willis's term before dying.
Election Results, U.S. Representative from Ohio, 22nd District Election Results, U.S. Senator from Ohio
Preceded by: Joseph B. Foraker United States Senator (Class 3) from Ohio 1915-1921 Succeeded by: Warren G. Harding Preceded by: Cyrus Locher United States Senator (Class 3) from Ohio 1928-1929 Succeeded by: Roscoe C. McCulloch