William Randolph Hearst (April 29, 1863 - August 14, 1951) was an American newspaper magnate, born in San Francisco, California. He helped invent "yellow journalism" and the modern large circulation newspaper. He was a prominent leader of the liberal wing of the Democratic party from 1896 to 1935, when he suddenly turned conservative.
William Randolph was the only child of George Hearst, a successful miner who became a multi-millionaire, and later U.S. Senator from California, and Phoebe Apperson Hearst, a former school teacher from Missouri. While his father was busy losing and re-gaining fortunes, young William toured Europe with his mother. He was enrolled in St. Paul's School in New Hampshire at the age of 15.