Douglas MacArthur For the municipality in the Philippines, see General MacArthur, Eastern Samar.
Douglas MacArthur 26 January 1880 - 5 April 1964 Douglas MacArthur in 1945 Place of birth: Little Rock, Arkansas Place of death: Washington, DC Allegiance: United States Army Years of service: 1903-1937, 1941-1951 Rank: General of the Army Commands: Superintendent of West Point Department of the Philippines U.S. Army Forces Far East Supreme Allied Commander Pacific Battles/wars: World War I World War II Korean War Awards: Medal of Honor Distinguished Service Cross Army Distinguished Service Medal Navy Distinguished Service Medal Distinguished Flying Cross Silver Star Bronze Star Purple Heart Douglas MacArthur GCB (January 26, 1880 - April 5, 1964) was an American general and Medal of Honor recipient, who commanded the Southwest Pacific Theater, in World War Two. He defended Australia, and reconquered New Guinea and the Philippines. He was poised to invade Japan in November 1945 but instead took their surrender in September. MacArthur was in charge of Japan from 1945 to 1951. He fought the North Korean invasion during the Korean War. MacArthur was relieved of command by President Harry S. Truman in 1951 for arguing and disagreeing with the President.
General MacArthur took part in three major wars (World War I, World War II, Korean War) and rose to the rank of General of the Army, one of only five people to hold that rank in U.S. history. He was a Philippines Field Marshal from 1937, the only American to ever hold such a rank; which MacArthur held until his death. He was one of the most decorated soldiers in the history of the United States military.
MacArthur remains one of the most controversial figures in American history. While greatly admired by many for his strategic and tactical brilliance, MacArthur was also criticized by many for his actions in command, and especially his challenge to Truman in 1951.