Eduardo De Filippo (May 24, 1900 - October 31, 1984) was an Italian actor, playwright, screenwriter, author and poet. He is most well-known for his work in Neapolitan like Filumena Marturano though he wrote many, many plays and films in Italian as well such as Napoli Milionaria!.
Born 1900 in Naples, De Filippo began acting at the age of 5 and in 1932 formed a theater company with his brother Peppino and sister Titina. Peppino left the troupe in 1944 and Titina departed by the early 1950's. Eduardo starred in De Sica's L'oro di Napoli with Tot├▓ and Sophia Loren in 1954. He translated Shakespeare's The Tempest into Neapolitan. It was published in 1982.
In 1981, De Filippo was appointed life senator. He died 1984 in Rome.