Ella Fitzgerald (April 25, 1917 - June 15, 1996), also known as Lady Ella (the First Lady of Song), was an American singer, considered one of the most influential jazz vocalists of the 20th Century, alongside Billie Holiday and Sarah Vaughan.
Gifted with a three-octave vocal range, she was noted for her purity of tone, near faultless phrasing and intonation, and a "horn-like" improvisational ability, particularly in her scat singing. She is widely considered (alongside Frank Sinatra) to have been one of the supreme interpreters of the Great American Songbook.
She was the winner of thirteen Grammy Awards, and was awarded the National Medal of Art presented by President Ronald Reagan and the Presidential Medal of Freedom presented by President George H.W. Bush.