Henry Miller (December 26, 1891 - June 7, 1980) was an American writer and, to a lesser extent, painter of German Catholic heritage. He is known for breaking with existing literary forms and developing a new sort of "novel" that is a mixture of novel, autobiography, social criticism, philosophical reflection, surrealist free association, and mysticism, one that is distinctly always about and expressive of the real-life Henry Miller and yet is also an imaginative construct. His most characteristic works of this kind are Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn, and Black Spring. He also wrote travel memoirs and essays of literary criticism and analysis.
He was played by Fred Ward in the 1990 movie Henry & June, and Rip Torn in the 1970 film adaptation of "Tropic of Cancer".