John F. Mercer (May 17, 1759-August 30, 1821) was an American lawyer, planter, and politician from Virginia and Maryland. Born in 1759 in Marlborough, Stafford County, Virginia, he graduated from the College of William and Mary in 1775 and was a delegate for Virginia to the Continental Congress in 1783 and 1784.
After the war, Mercer moved to Anne Arundel County, Maryland, and was a Maryland delegate to the Philadelphia Convention in 1787, but withdrew before signing the Constitution. He would represent Maryland in the United States House of Representatives from the second and third districts from 1792 to 1794, and served as Governor of Maryland from 1801 to 1803. He died in 1821 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He is buried in Cedar Park, Anne Arundel County, Maryland.