Jonathan Chace (July 22, 1829 - June 30, 1917) was a United States Representative and Senator from Rhode Island. Born at Fall River, Massachusetts, he attended the public schools and Friends' School at Providence. He moved to Central Falls and engaged in cotton manufacturing; he was a member of the Rhode Island Senate in 1876-1877 and was elected as a Republican to the Forty-seventh and Forty-eighth Congresses and served from March 4, 1881, to January 26, 1885, when he resigned.
Chace was elected as a Republican to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Henry B. Anthony; he was reelected in 1888 and served from January 20, 1885, to April 9, 1889, when he resigned. While in the Senate he was chairman of the Committee on Civil Service and Retrenchment (Fiftieth and Fifty-first Congresses). He was president of the Phoenix National Bank of Providence, R.I., and was interested in several manufacturing enterprises. Chace died in Providence in 1917; interment was in the North Burial Ground.