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Juan Peron
Biographical Information

Sex:M
Age:78
Birth Date:October 8, 1895
Astrology Sign:Libra
Chinese Sign: -
Birth Name:Juan Domingo Perón
Birth Place:Lobos, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina
Died Date:July 1, 1974
Website:

Occupation:Eva's husband, Argentinian dictator

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JUAN PERON
Juan Peron

Biography:Juan Peron Juan Domingo Perón

Term of Office June 4, 1946-September 21, 1955 and October 12, 1973-July 1, 1974 Predecessors Edelmiro Farrell and Raúl Lastiri Successors Eduardo Lonardi and Isabel Perón Vice presidents Hortensio Quijano, Alberto Tessaire and Isabel Perón Birth October 8, 1895 in Lobos, Buenos Aires Death July 1, 1974 in Buenos Aires Profession Military Political Party Justicialist Juan Domingo Perón (October 8, 1895 - July 1, 1974) was an Argentine military officer and the President of Argentina from 1946 to 1955 and from 1973 to 1974.

Born in a town near Lobos, Province of Buenos Aires, he was the son of Mario Tomás Perón, a farmer, and Juana Sosa. He entered the Military School at age 16 and following graduation he made good progress through the ranks. He served in Italy during the late 1930s as a military observer.

In May 1943, as a colonel, he was a significant figure in the military coup by the GOU (United Officers' Group) against the civilian government of Ramón Castillo. Initially Under-Secretary for War under General Pedro Ramírez, he became Secretary of Labour and Welfare (November 1943) and then Vice President and Secretary for War under General Edelmiro Farrell (February 1944).

Forced into resignation by opponents within the armed forces on October 9, 1945, Perón was arrested shortly afterward, but mass demonstrations organized by the CGT trade union federation forced his release (October 17), and popular support gained him the presidency with 56 percent of the vote in the February 24, 1946 elections.

Perón pursued social policies aimed at empowering the working class. He greatly expanded the number of unionized workers, and helped establish the powerful General Confederation of Labour (CGT). He called this the "third position", between capitalism and communism. Perón also pushed hard to industrialize the country; in 1947 he announced the first five-year plan to boost newly nationalized industries. His ideology would be dubbed peronism and became a central influence in Argentine political parties.

In the late 1940s, Perón announced that the Huemul Project would produce nuclear fusion before any other country. In charge of the project was an Austrian of German origin, Ronald Richter, who indicated that the energy could be delivered in milk-bottle size containers. Success of the project was announced in 1951 but no proof was shown. In 1952 the Huemul Project was terminated after being proven to be a fraud.

Argentina, alongside with other South American countries, became a leading haven for Nazi war criminals and displaced technicians like Richter. Many people believe this was done with Perón's approval, citing as evidence the fact that Licio Gelli, grandmaster of the P2 Masonic Lodge, has claimed to be a friend of Perón. This was never confirmed.

Also despite his alleged right wing tendencies, he resisted the entreaties of the military in 1943 to crack down on homosexuality. Instead he ordered the police and judiciary to let up on their gay-baiting. In addition, Perón promoted the tango and legalised prostitution.

Perón married Aurelia Tizón on January 5, 1929, but she died of uterine cancer thirteen years later. Perón married Eva Duarte (1919-1952) on October 21, 1945 who was hugely popular. Known as Evita, she helped her husband develop support with labour and women's groups. She died of cancer in 1952 at the age of thirty-three. Perón won re-election in 1951, but economic problems, high levels of corruption and conflict with the Roman Catholic Church contributed to his overthrow in an army-navy coup in September 1955. He went into exile in Paraguay, later he lived in Panama, where he met nightclub singer María Estela Martínez. Eventually settling in Madrid, Spain, he married María Estela Martínez, better known as Isabel, in 1961.

In Argentina, the 1950s and 1960s were marked by frequent changes of government, with low economic growth and continued social and labour demands. Argentine painter Antonio Berni's works reflect the social tragedies of these times. In particular, Berni dealt with life hardships in the villas miseria (shanty towns) through his series Juanito Laguna, a slum child, and Ramona Montiel, a prostitute.

When the governments failed to revive the economy and suppress escalating terrorism from groups like the pro-Perón Montoneros in the late 1960s and early 1970s, the way was open for Perón's return. General Alejandro Lanusse had taken power in March 1971 and had declared his intention to restore constitutional democracy by 1973. From exile Perón supported left-wing Peronists and the more active unions.

On March 11, 1973, Argentina held general elections. Although Perón was prevented from running, voters elected his stand-in, Héctor Cámpora, as president. Cámpora resigned in July 1973, paving the way for new elections. By now Argentina was in such shambles political leaders were literally begging Perón to return. Perón traveled back to his homeland and won a decisive electoral victory. He became President for a third time in October 1973 with his wife Isabel as Vice President.

The third presidency of Perón was disrupted by conflict between his leftist and rightist supporters; as Perón became more right-wing, he disappointed his left wing followers and there were numerous terrorist acts. In an attempt to restore public order, the government resorted to a number of emergency decrees. Perón died on July 1, 1974 with the problems unresolved and was succeeded by Isabel. She was overthrown on March 24, 1976 by a military junta, headed by General Jorge Videla.

Perón is buried in La Chacarita Cemetery in Buenos Aires. Curiously, his tomb was profaned in 1987 and the hands of his corpse were stolen. To this date, who did it and why still remains a mystery.


Personality and Character Cards:
Personality and character cards are identical!

Juan Peron's Personality Tarot Card The Hierophant - Personality Card

Birthday: October 8, 1895

Guidance on religious matters and the need to find spiritual meaning in life.


This year's Growth Tarot Card
Based on this year's birthday

Juan Peron's Growth Tarot Card The World

Birthday: October 8, 2010

The realization of a prize or goal; success, triumph, achievement.

 

 

 

Portions of famous people database was used with permission from Russell Grant from his book The Book of Birthdays Copyright © 1999, All rights reserved. Certain biographical material and photos licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License, from Wikipedia, which is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.

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