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Leon Chwistek
Biographical Information

Sex:M
Age:60
Birth Date:January 13, 1884
Astrology Sign:Capricron
Chinese Sign: -
Birth Name:
Birth Place:
Died Date:August 20, 1944
Website:

Occupation:Artist/Painter

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LEON CHWISTEK
Leon Chwistek

Biography:Leon Chwistek (Born January 13, 1884 in Kraków, Poland - August 20, 1944 near Moscow, Russia) was a Polish Avant-garde painter, theoretician of modern art, literary critic, logician, philosopher and mathematician.

In the 1920s-30s many philosophers in Europe attempted to reform traditional philosophy by means of mathematical logic. Leon Chwistek did not believe that such a reform could succeed. He thought that reality could not be described in one homogeneous system, based on the principles of formal logic, because there is not one reality but many.

Chwistek developed his theory of the multiplicity of realities first with regard to the arts. He distinguished four basic types of realities and then matched them with four basic types of painting.

Here are the four types of realities:

1. The popular reality (common-sense realism) 2. The physical reality (constructed by physics) 3. The phenomenal reality (sensual impressions) 4. The visionary/intuitive reality (dreams, hallucinations, subconscious states). The types of painting which correspond to the above are:

1. Primitivism 2. Realism 3. Impressionism 4. Futurism Chwistek never intended his views to constitute a new metaphysical theory. He was a defender of "sound reason", against metaphysics and the irrationalistic feelings. His theory of plural reality was merely an attempt to specify the various ways in which the term “real” is used. It is interesting that Witkiewicz, although Chwistek’s closest friend, harshly criticized his friend’s philosophical views.

Wikiewicz’s philosophy was based on the idea of monadic character of the existence of the individual, which embraces multiplicity of existences, and the world being made up of a multiplicity of Particular Existences.


Personality and Character Cards:
Personality and character cards are identical!

Leon Chwistek's Personality Tarot Card Strength - Personality Card

Birthday: January 13, 1884

A time for self-awareness involving courage, strength, and determination.


This year's Growth Tarot Card
Based on this year's birthday

Leon Chwistek's Growth Tarot Card The Moon

Birthday: January 13, 2011

A period of illusion, uncertainty and fluctuation.

 

 

 

Portions of famous people database was used with permission from Russell Grant from his book The Book of Birthdays Copyright © 1999, All rights reserved. Certain biographical material and photos licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License, from Wikipedia, which is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.

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