Montfort Stokes (12 March 1762 -- 4 November 1842) was an American Democratic politician who served as U.S. Senator from 1816 to 1823, and Governor of North Carolina from 1830 to 1832.
Born in Lunenburg County, Virginia, Stokes was the youngest of the eleven children of David Stokes, a military officer and judge. At the age of 13, Lunenberg enlisted in the United States Merchant Marine and later served under Stephen Decatur in the Continental Navy. He enjoyed a successful military career through the War of 1812 and afterwards captained a merchant ship. He held the rank of major general in the state militia from 1804 to 1816.
Stokes settled in Salisbury, North Carolina in 1786 and studied law; he served as assistant clerk in the North Carolina Senate from 1786 to 1780, and as clerk from 1799 to 1816, until he was elected United States Senate following the resignation of James Turner. He served the remainder of Turner's term in the Senate, but was defeated for election to the Senate in 1823.
Stokes was soon elected to the North Carolina General Assembly; he represented Wilkes County in the North Carolina Senate from 1826 to 1827 and the North Carolina House of Commons from 1829 to 1831.
In 1830, Stokes was elected Governor by the General Assembly on the ninth ballot, defeating Cadwallader Jones and Richard Dobbs Spaight, Jr.; Stokes faced Spaight for re-election again the following year and was elected by a narrow margin (98-93). During his term in office, Stokes supported construction of canals along the North Carolina Coast; he simultaneously served as president of the University of North Carolina Board of Trustees.
A strong support of President Andrew Jackson, Governor Stokes urged the state legislature to support Jackson's anti-nullification position; Stokes was named by Jackson to head the Federal Indian Commission, overseeing relocation and resettlement of Indian tribes from the American southeast, and resigned as governor on November 19, 1832.
With his new position, Stokes moved to Fort Gibson in the Arkansas Territory (now part of the state of Oklahoma) and advocated for the Cherokee, Seneca, Shawnee, and Quapaw tribes. He died in November 1842 and is buried near Fort Gibson. Stokes is believed to be the only soldier of the American Revolutionary War buried in Oklahoma.
In 1943, a United States Liberty ship named the SS Montfort Stokes was launched. She was scrapped in 1962.