Steven Spielberg Steven Allan Spielberg, KBE (born December 18, 1946) is a Jewish American film director. He has won three Academy Awards (as well as a Lifetime Achievement Award), and ranks among the most successful filmmakers in history, in terms of both critical acclaim and popular success.
First coming to attention directing adventure films, Spielberg is noted in recent years for his willingness to tackle emotionally powerful issues, such as the horrors of the Holocaust in Schindler's List, slavery in Amistad, hardships of war in Saving Private Ryan, and terrorism in Munich. One consistent theme in his family-friendly work is a childlike, even na├»ve, sense of wonderment and faith, as attested by works such as Close Encounters of the Third Kind, E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, Hook and A.I., and the challenging role of a father-figure; apparant in War of the Worlds.
Spielberg is the most financially successful motion picture director of all time. He has directed and/or produced an astounding number of major box office hits, giving him enormous influence in Hollywood. As of 2004, he has been listed in Premiere and other magazines as the most "powerful" and "influential" figure in the motion picture industry.
In 2005, Empire magazine created a list of the 50 greatest film directors of all time. Spielberg was number one on the list.
He has been nominated for seven Academy Awards for Best Director, winning two of them (Schindler's List and Saving Private Ryan), and four of the films he directed were up for the Best Picture Oscar (Schindler's List won). He is seen as a figure who has the influence, financial resources, and acceptance of Hollywood studio authorities to make any movie he wants to make, be it a mainstream action-adventure movie (such as Jurassic Park), or a three-hour-long black and white drama about the Holocaust (Schindler's List).
In 2001, he was given the honor of Knight Commander of the British Empire (KBE) by Queen Elizabeth II.