Theodore Fitz Randolph (June 24, 1826-November 7, 1883) was a US Senator from New Jersey. He was the son of US Representative James Fitz Randolph.
Born in Mansfield, Tioga County, Pennsylvania; attended the common schools of New Brunswick, New Jersey, engaged in the coal and iron business; moved to Vicksburg, Mississippi and engaged in business in 1840; returned to New Jersey and settled in Jersey City, New Jersey in 1852; became interested in mining and the transportation of ores and was president of the Morris & Essex Railroad; Randolph was elected as a member of the New Jersey General Assembly in 1859 and served in the New Jersey Senate from 1862-1863; Governor of New Jersey 1869-1872; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1875 to March 3, 1881; chairman, Committee on Military Affairs in the (Forty-sixth United States Congress)
Randolph invented a sitching machine and a steam typewriter.
Randolph died in Morristown, Morris County, New Jersey; interment in Evergreen Cemetery, Morristown.