James H. Maloney (born September 17, 1948) was a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Connecticut.
Maloney was born in Quincy, Massachusetts. He was a VISTA volunteer from 1969 until 1970. He graduated from Harvard University in 1972 and received a law degree from Boston University School of Law in 1980. He was a a member of the Connecticut State Senate from 1986 until 1995. He was elected to Congress in 1996 and represented Connecticut's 5th district from January 3, 1997 until January 3, 2003. In 2002, the reapportionment process eliminated the neighboring 6th district of Connecticut and forced Maloney to run against Republican incumbent Nancy Johnson. Johnson won by over 20,000 votes.